The Anzac Memorial was created by the people of New South Wales as a place to remember the impact of the Great War (1914 – 1918). Although the Memorial did not open until 1934 the need for the Memorial was recognised as soon as the casualty figures from the 1915 Gallipoli campaign became public knowledge. Planning for a Memorial of some kind began with the establishment of a fund on the first anniversary of the landing at Gallipoli in 1916.


On this day
30 July

1942 — Port Hedland, Western Australia, was attacked by Japanese bombers. The attack resulted in one casualty, and  damage to the airfield

1942 — Darwin was bombed for the 25th time

1942 — Horn Island, Torres Strait, a major tactical base for Allied air operations, was bombed for the fifth time. 156 people died during attacks on Horn Island