The Anzac Memorial was created by the people of New South Wales as a place to remember the impact of the Great War (1914 – 1918). Although the Memorial did not open until 1934 the need for the Memorial was recognised as soon as the casualty figures from the 1915 Gallipoli campaign became public knowledge. Planning for a Memorial of some kind began with the establishment of a fund on the first anniversary of the landing at Gallipoli in 1916.


On this day
22 January

1941 — TOBRUK, Libya, a port city defended by about 25,000 Italian troops, surrendered to Australian 6th Division troops. The city was then garrisoned by 9th Division, elements of the 7th Division and other Allied units

1943 — A stores ship, HMAS PATRICIA CAM, sank after being dive bombed by a Japanese sea-plane. Survivors were then machine-gunned before the plane landed amongst them, took aboard a clergyman who was being taken back to his mission, and then took off. The clergyman was later executed