Arthur Cooper's Service Medals

Historical note: 

This medal group features the Military Cross (far left) awarded to Leiutenant Arthur Cooper for his bravery while leading his Platoon during the attack on Peronne on 1st September 1918. Although being wounded at the beginning of the operation, he showed great endurance, initiative and resourcefulness and was the only Officer left with his company once they had reached the objective. Cooper was praised for his 'determination and utter disregard for danger'. Also pictured to the right of his Military Cross are the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal with which he was also issued.

Category: 
Awards and decorations
Themes: 
Bravery
Conflict: 
First World War
Location: 
Western Front
Story: 
Lieutenant Arthur Cooper

On this day

On this day
16 February

1942— BANKA ISLAND MASSACRE. Following the sinking of the SS Vyner Brook, many of the survivors, including 22 Australian nurses, reached the shore of Banka Island. Realising that their position was desperate, an officer from the ship set out with most of the women and children to surrender the group to the Japanese. The officer returned with 20 Japanese soldiers who ordered all the men capable of walking to move to hidden part of the beach and killed them. They then returned to the beach and ordered the 22 nurses and 1 British civilian woman to walk into the water. They were machine-gunned in the back. All the immobile survivors were then killed. Sister Vivian Bullwinkle pretended to be dead and was the only survivor