The original construction

 

The task of constructing the Anzac Memorial was awarded to the contractors Kell and Rigby. The board of Trustees specified that the memorial was to be built with Australian materials and by Australian workmen. Having been encouraged to give preference to returned servicemen, Kell and Rigby applied for their workers from the Returned Sailors' and Soldiers' Imperial League of Australia (RSSILA) Labour Bureau. The RSSILA is now known as the Returned & Services League of Australia (RSL). Many subcontractors also worked on the Memorial.

On this day

On this day
16 February

1942— BANKA ISLAND MASSACRE. Following the sinking of the SS Vyner Brook, many of the survivors, including 22 Australian nurses, reached the shore of Banka Island. Realising that their position was desperate, an officer from the ship set out with most of the women and children to surrender the group to the Japanese. The officer returned with 20 Japanese soldiers who ordered all the men capable of walking to move to hidden part of the beach and killed them. They then returned to the beach and ordered the 22 nurses and 1 British civilian woman to walk into the water. They were machine-gunned in the back. All the immobile survivors were then killed. Sister Vivian Bullwinkle pretended to be dead and was the only survivor