The eight walls of the Hall of Service display soil samples from 1,701 New South Wales' towns, cities and districts given a place of address by First World War enlistees. The soil samples were collected over fifteen months from March 2017 to June 2018 with the generous participation of hundreds of public volunteers and NSW state and commercial surveyors.
The below map complements the Hall of Service and is a comprehensive digital record of each NSW soil collection. Click on a yellow marker to find out more about that collection. To find a place name using the map's Legend, click the icon on the far left of the map's header bar. To open the map in a new browser window on your device, click the square icon on the far right of the map's header bar.
If you have any questions about this map or the NSW Place Names, please contact the Office for Veterans Affairs.
THE LIST OF NSW PLACE NAMES
The AIF Project database of First World War enlistee service records was the authority source for compiling the historic list of NSW place names for Fiona Hall’s artwork, based on enlistee addresses. Initial investigative research by Dr Peter Orlovich, a 50-year honorary member of the Geographical Names Board, saw the list of place names grow from an initial 1,232 names to 1,680. With further review from the Geographical Names Board of NSW (GNB), NSW Office for Veterans Affairs and feedback from state surveyors and local communities, 1,701 place names were defined with the final place, Bungarby, added in May 2018.
As outlined in Fiona Hall's proposal, the list of 1,701 place names encompasses a broad range of cities, towns and districts of the state. It encapsulates, in its spectrum of names, our early colonial history, and registers the country’s long time indigenous presence. It displays the geographical reach of the call to serve, and signals the willingness and enthusiasm of so many from diverse regions who answered the call to join the war. It contains the incalculable loss and grief of communities across the state whose men and women did not return. It is a list of service offered, which leaves its legacy to us today.
Visit the AIF Project Database to view First World War enlistee records. Download the complete list of 1,701 Place Names featured in the artwork.
COLLECTING THE SOIL
The coordination of the Soil Collection Program involved 18 months of collaboration between the Office for Veterans Affairs, DFSI Spatial Services and the Geographical Names Board of NSW (GNB).
The GNB provided spatial mapping expertise to select and map appropriate collection sites for all 1,701 places, noting landowners and access issues. The choice of each soil collection site involved investigation of First World War Memorials within or near to each place, and other significant community spaces including schools, halls and parks. In areas where these structures were not located or not available, such as very remote areas, soil was collected from a safe area at the discretion of the collector.
Key to the Program’s success, in addition to the expertise of the GNB, was Spatial Services’ Survey Operations and a community engagement strategy to recruit an army of volunteer soil collectors. Over fifteen months soil samples were collected by state and commercial surveyors, representatives of local, state and federal governments, RSL Sub Branches, schools, historical societies, rural fire brigades and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander veterans. The Surveyor-General’s office actively engaged with the NSW Surveying Taskforce, Association of Public Authority Surveyors NSW, The Association of Consulting Surveyors NSW and the Institution of Surveyors NSW. More than 400 stakeholders registered online to collect soil and more than 40 per cent of total soil samples were collected by the NSW public.
Among the number of poignant stories to emerge from public soil collections were the efforts of the more than 190 schools who contributed soil samples, with many incorporating collections into their 2017 Remembrance Day commemorations. In Weimoringle, in the state's far north, local Aboriginal Elders burned native Gidgee timber to ash in place of soil to represent the location Dennawan, an historic Aboriginal reserve in Culgoa National Park. At Langawirra Station, in the state's far west and the home address of a single First World War enlistee, a deep red soil from the drought affected region was collected near to the Station's Bureau of Meteorology rain gauge. Community events brought together soil collectors from multiple generations and backgrounds to tell the stories of New South Wales then and now.