4th (NSW) Battalion Matchbox Cover

Historical note: 

A box of these souvenir matchbox covers was found in a bricked up room in Birmingham that was once owned by a silversmith. The battle honours on the cover end in 1917. We can only assume that the soldier who ordered the covers never returned to collect them. 

Materials: 
Silver
Category: 
Souvenirs and ephemera
Conflict: 
First World War
Location: 
England
Production Date: 
1917

On this day

On this day
16 February

1942— BANKA ISLAND MASSACRE. Following the sinking of the SS Vyner Brook, many of the survivors, including 22 Australian nurses, reached the shore of Banka Island. Realising that their position was desperate, an officer from the ship set out with most of the women and children to surrender the group to the Japanese. The officer returned with 20 Japanese soldiers who ordered all the men capable of walking to move to hidden part of the beach and killed them. They then returned to the beach and ordered the 22 nurses and 1 British civilian woman to walk into the water. They were machine-gunned in the back. All the immobile survivors were then killed. Sister Vivian Bullwinkle pretended to be dead and was the only survivor