Letter written by Private Costley to his mother Bertha, Malaya 1941

Historical note: 

Private Rod Costley wrote this letter to his mother Bertha from Malaya in days before Christmas 1941. 34 year old Costley was a truck driver with 2/3rd Reserve Motor Transport Company. Costley and his mates were providing support for British and Indian troops as they fought their way back to Singapore in the face of an overwhelming Japanese force. In the letter Costly shares none of the tension and terror of enemy attack or dismay at the discomfort of his circumstances. 

Costley and over 400 men of the 2/3rd Res MT Coy made it to Singapore. From Singapore they were ordered to Java where they fought on until captured when the island fell in March 1942.

Pte Costley and his mates were sent to the Burma Thailand railway construction camps by their Japanese captors. They laboured in dangerous conditions with meagre rations under brutal guards. In August 1943 36 year old Pte Rodney Costley succumbed to disease and died in a camp by the railway in Burma. 

Category: 
Diaries and personal papers
Conflict: 
Second World War
Story: 
Private Rodney Marwood Costley
Production Date: 
December 1941

On this day

On this day
17 February

1900 — Troops of the New South Wales Mounted Rifles formed part of major attack at PAARDEBERG, South Africa. This attack led to the surrender of GEN. Piet Cronje and 4000 of his troops. This was the last major action of the BOER WAR

1970 — 8 RAR and 1st Armoured Regiment were engaged in the Battle of LONG HAI, Vietnam. 8 RAR was awarded a Meritorious Unit Citation including Cross of Valour with Palm Unit Citation by the South Vietnamese Government for this action.