External Bas Reliefs

Surmounting the east and west portals are great bronze bas relief panels which tell in graphic form the activities of the 1st AIF. That on the eastern face illustrates the Eastern campaigns of the Australians, from the landing at Gallipoli to the campaign in Sinai and Palestine.

In a similar manner the panel on the western side of the building depicts Australian soldiers on the Western Front, in France and Belgium.

Each of the bronze panels is over 10 metres long and over 1 metre high.  The style is realistic and matter-of-fact, and neither pathos nor heroics are invoked when the wounded, gassed and dying men fall. The reliefs are probably inspired by Roman Victory Columns such as Trajan's. Hoff had studied in Rome.

Photo by Rob Tuckwell

The Western Front, 191618

Depicted left–right:  a soldier of a cyclist's company; an RE-8 biplane with pilot, observer and machine-gun; an air mechanic of the flying corps; a dispatch rider with pigeon basket leaving signals HQ; a pioneer with duck board; infantrymen marching from a rest area; field telephone mechanics laying telephone wire; gassed and wounded soldiers leaving a casualty clearing station; a 9.2-inch Howitzer gun in action (firing); stretcher-bearers going forward with a stretcher; a bomber throwing a 'Mills' grenade; and a Lewis gun and infantry team in attack against posion gas, accompanied by a tank.

Photo by Rob Tuckwell

The Eastern Campaigns, 1914–18

Depicted left–right: a naval landing party; a chief petty officer of the A.N.&M.E.F.; a surgeon, nurse, stretcher-bearer and ambulance driver at railhead depot; wireless signallers in the field; infantrymen of the A.I.F., the Australian Camel Corps; railway engineers laying light lines (Palestine); mule transport with water containers; dismounted light horseman; a pioneer; part of a crew of a Hotchkiss gun; an 18-pounder gun battery in action (loading); T-model Ford cars with mounted Lewis guns and light horsemen in attack with mounted Hotchkiss gun; and a section registering casualties.

On this day

On this day
17 January

1917 — 4 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, sailed for France. This was the last AFC Squadron formed in WW1 and began active service over the Western Front in the Battle of Cambrai

1945 — Battle of TSIMBA RIDGE, a strongly fortified Japanese position  in the north of Bougainville

1991 — Coalition air attacks began against Iraqi forces in IRAQ and KUWAIT, marking the beginning of the GULF WAR, which ended when Iraqi forces were driven from Kuwait